Reports: Student learning

The State of America's Children
Children's Defense Fund, December 2021, 86 pp.
A compilation of national and state-by-state data on poverty, health, child welfare, youth at risk, early childhood development, education, nutrition and housing. Report is compiled annually.   more info >

The Condition of Education 2021
National Center for Education Statistics, May 2021, 43 pp.
Annual report that summarizes trends in education. Indicators include educational attainment, earnings and unemployment rates by educational attainment, families living in poverty, early childhood education participation, English language learners, children and youth with disabilities, and postsecondary enrollment.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, August 2020
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

North Dakota KIDS COUNT Fact Book
North Dakota KIDS COUNT, October 2019, 219 pp.
Provides North Dakota state, region, and county-level data on child well-being, including demographics, family and community, economic well-being, education and early care, health, and safety and risky behaviors.   more info >

Why Rural Matters: Rural Education in the 50 States
The Rural School and Community Trust, June 2019, 153 pp.
Biennial reports analyzing the contexts and conditions of rural education in each of the 50 states and calling attention to the need for policymakers to address rural education issues in their respective states.   more info >

Investing in Successful Summer Programs A Review of Evidence Under the Every Student Succeeds Act
RAND Corporation, June 2019, 163 pp.
This report provides a systematic review of the evidence supporting summer programs and descriptions of evidence-based programs and guidance regarding the effectiveness of summer interventions.   more info >

Afterschool Programs: A Review of Evidence Under the Every Student Succeeds Act
Wallace Foundation, March 2019, 70 pp.
This report, a review of research from 2000 to 2017, examines afterschool programs that meet ESSA's top tier requirements and which show positive impacts on students. Programs reviewed span grades K-12 and and range from academic to physical fitness to career development.   more info >

Preparing the Future Workforce: Early Care and Education Participation among Children of Immigrants
The Urban Institute, March 2019, 38 pp.
Children of immigrants will make up a critical share of our nation’s future workforce but are less likely than other children to participate in early education programs known to support school readiness and long-term productivity. This study describes the characteristics and enrollment of children of immigrants in early education programs.   more info >

Universal Approaches to Promoting Healthy Development: The Future of Children Spring 2019
The Brookings Institution and Princeton University, March 2019, 270 pp.
Includes a variety of articles that look at how society can best support parents, beginning early in their children's lives, describing several ways that local communities have tried to provide such support by implementing new interventions, reforming existing systems of care, and improving the coordination and planning of services.   more info >

Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2017, 52 pp.
Presents the Race for Results Index, a collection of data presented by racial and ethnic groups and by state. Indicators address early childhood, academic achievement, teen parenting, higher education, and family characteristics.   more info >

Helping Children and Parents Succeed Together: An Update on the Dunbar Learning Complex
Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2017, 24 pp.
This report discusses the Dunbar Learning Complex, a two-generation model which aims to create opportunities for low-income families to succeed. Early assessments show positive results, especially in preparing young children for kindergarten and in making sure their health needs are met.   more info >

Chronic Absenteeism: An Old Problem in Search of New Answers
Brookings Institution, July 2017
Chronic school absenteeism is associated with a host of adverse academic outcomes. This report reviews what is known about the causes, consequences, and potential solutions for chronic absenteeism.   more info >

Kids Count Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being
Annie E. Casey Foundation, June 2017, 68 pp.
This annual report provides data on 10 indicators of child well-being, by state and for the U.S. States are ranked on each indicator and compared to previous years.   more info >

Boosting College Success Among Men of Color: Promising Approaches and Next Steps
MDRC, December 2016, 12 pp.
This brief catalogues strategies commonly used in interventions at post-secondary educational institutions aimed at improving outcomes for male students of color and charts the way forward for future evaluative work.   more info >

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups 2016
National Center for Education Statistics, August 2016
This report profiles current conditions and recent trends in the education of students by racial and ethnic group. It presents a selection of indicators that examine differences in educational participation and attainment of students. These report summarizes data on topics such as demographics; student achievement and outcomes of education.   more info >

Chronic Absenteeism in the Nation's Schools
United States Department of Education, June 2016
Students who are chronically absent—meaning they miss at least 15 days of school in a year—are at serious risk of falling behind in school. Yet, few states report information about chronic absenteeism. New data illuminates the extent of chronic absenteeism, providing information about who is chronically absent, at what grade levels chronic absenteeism tends to occur, and how chronic absenteeism compares community-by-community and state-by-state.   more info >

Latinos and Literacy: Hispanic Students’ Progress in Reading
Child Trends Hispanic Institute, March 2016, 24 pp.
This report highlights growth in U.S. Latino students' reading scores over the last decade, using scores from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading assessment to compare progress across states and major cities, and for some major urban school districts.   more info >

Arts-Based Programs and Art Therapies for At-Risk, Justice-Involved, and Traumatized Youths
National Endowment for the Arts, U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention, February 2016, 9 pp.
This report focuses programs and art therapies for at-risk, justice-involved, and traumatized youths, exploring recent research on arts-based programs and arts therapies. Programs were considered arts-based if at least one of the main components was an arts-related activity, or if there was a deliberate use of arts in the program to bring about a change in behavior.   more info >

Educational Equity: What Does it Mean? How Do We Know When We Reach It?
Center for Public Education, January 2016, 10 pp.
This report provides a brief overview of educational equity and reviews data on students served by public schools. It then describes the areas in an equity agenda that research shows will have the greatest impact on student outcomes: funding, curriculum, teachers and discipline policies as a starting point for school system and community conversations.   more info >

Discretion and Disproportionality: Explaining the Underrepresentation of High-Achieving Students of Color in Gifted Programs
American Educational Research Association, January 2016, 25 pp.
Students of color are underrepresented in gifted programs relative to White students, but the reasons for this underrepresentation are poorly understood. This report investigate the predictors of gifted assignment using nationally representative, longitudinal data on elementary students.   more info >

How Housing Mobility Affects Education Outcomes for Low-Income Children
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, December 2014, 6 pp.
Looks at a place-based intervention that sought to improve conditions in targeted low-income communities. This article specifically examines the relationship between housing mobility, school mobility, and academic outcomes for children.   more info >

America's Young Adults: Special Issue, 2014
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, July 2014, 100 pp.
Detailed report that provides data on young adults, ages 18-24. Includes demographic characteristics, living situation, and overall well-being.   more info >

The School Discipline Consensus Report: Strategies from the Field to Keep Students Engaged in School and Out of the Juvenile Justice System
The Council of State Governments Justice Center, June 2014, 461 pp.
Based on input from an array of stakeholders, this report presents policies, recommendations, and promising practices to keep students in school and out of the court system. Major sections of the report address the conditions for learning, behavioral interventions, and school-police partnerships.   more info >

A Governor's Guide to Early Literacy: Getting All Students Reading by Third Grade
National Governors Association, October 2013, 48 pp.
Describes five policy actions that governors can take to ensure all children read at grade level by the end of third grade.   more info >

The Educational Value of Field Trips
Education Next, September 2013, 9 pp.
This study reports on the first large-scale, randomized-control trial measuring the educational value of school field trips. It suggests that even a single visit to an art museum has positive lasting effects, particularly among students in rural or high-poverty schools who may lack regular exposure to culturally enriching experiences.   more info >

Growing Young Minds: How Museums and Libraries Create Lifelong Learners
Institute of Museum and Library Services, June 2013, 52 pp.
This report promotes the inclusion of libraries and museums as early learning resources and partners in creating comprehensive early learning strategies.   more info >

More and Better Learning: Year One Report on ExpandED Schools
TASC, April 2013, 9 pp.
Presents evaluation findings from the first year of a demonstration project that partners schools and community organizations to extend the school day. The 11 ExpandED elementary and middle schools are located in New York City, Baltimore, and New Orleans.   more info >

KIPP Middle Schools: Impacts on Achievement and Other Outcomes
Mathematica Policy Research, February 2013, 13 pp.
The Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP) is a network of public charter schools whose mission is to improve the education of low-income children. This is the second report from a multi-year study of KIPP middle schools.   more info >

Teachers' Emotional Consistency Matters for Preschool Children
University of Virginia, January 2013, 2 pp.
This study looks at teachers' emotional support in classrooms and how it relates to children's outcomes in preschool and kindergarten.   more info >

Literacy Challenges for the Twenty-First Century
The Future of Children, November 2012
This volume explores current levels of literacy, their determinants, and new strategies to improve literacy.   more info >

Increasing Access to Full-Day K
Children's Defense Fund, April 2012, 4 pp.
Offers support for full-day kindergarten as a way to increase learning and close the achievement gap.   more info >

The Arts and Achievement in At-Risk Youth: Findings from Four Longitudnal Studies
National Endowment for the Arts, March 2012, 28 pp.
This report examines the academic and civic behavior outcomes of teenagers and young adults who have engaged deeply with the arts in or out of school. Results show that students of low socioeconomic status who have a history of in-depth arts involvement show better academic outcomes than do low-SES youth who have less arts involvement, earning better grades and demonstrating higher rates of college enrollment and attainment.   more info >

Helping At-Risk Students Succeed
American Psychological Association, February 2012, 2 pp.
Discusses a program model called "the enabling component" or "learning supports" that targets the psychosocial and educational barriers to student success.   more info >

Breaking barriers 2: Plotting the path away from juvenile detention and toward academic success for school-age African American males
Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, April 2011, 90 pp.
Summarizes the literature and analyzes survey responses from a spectrum of school-age black males to provide information and implications for policy and practice in the areas of reducing suspensions and disciplinary referrals, preventing delinquency, eliminating gang activity in schools, returning to school from juvenile detention, and reducing drug-related arrests.   more info >

The impact of youth development programs on student academic achievement
National Collaboration for Youth, March 2011, 8 pp.
This brief cites evaluations and profiles of a sample of diverse community-based programs that affect student performance and reduce negative outcomes.   more info >

The Rural Solution: How Community Schools Can Reinvigorate Rural Education
Center for American Progress, September 2010, 44 pp.
One in five students in the United States attends a public elementary or secondary school designated as rural. This paper uses three examples of successful rural community schools to provide a framework for discussing the benefits, characteristics, policy implications and challenges faced by rural community schools.   more info >

What Works for Older Youth During the Transition to Adulthood: Lessons from Experimental Evaluations of Programs and Interventions
Child Trends, March 2010, 15 pp.
Identifies intervention strategies that promote the positive development of older youth.   more info >

Inside the black box of high-performing high-poverty schools
Prichard Committee for Academic Excellence, January 2005, 30 pp.
Looks at high-performing, high-poverty schools in Kentucky to determine how they break the usual pattern of low achievement.   more info >

Web sites

Making ESSA's Equity Promise Real: State Strategies to Close the Opportunity Gap
Students of color and other historically underserved students have had less access to an equitable and supportive learning environments, perpetuating school failure.This report shows how states are taking advantage of opportunities in the federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) to address disparities, make schools more inclusive, and help students succeed.   more info >

Brown Center Report on American Education
"This annual report card analyzes the state of American education using the latest measures of student learning, uncovers and explains important trends in achievement test scores, and identifies promising and disappointing educational reforms."   more info >

Prosperity Now Scorecard
Ranks the 50 states and the District of Columbia on performance measures in the areas of Financial Security, Business Development, Homeownership, Health Care and Education.   more info >

Education Policy Research
Education section of Mathematica Policy Research. Provides research information about topics including curriculum, teacher quality, at-risk youth, technology and school choice.   more info >

National Assessment of Educational Progress: The Nation's Report Card
A nationally representative and continuing assessment of what America's students know and can do in various subject areas. Data are available by state and some major cities.   more info >

Education Commission of the States
Educational information covering early learning, K-12, and postsecondary. The issue sites include summaries of the facts, what states are doing, programs and practice, and sources of additional information on topics such as school readiness, assessment, at-risk students, charter schools, child abuse, educational attainment, mentoring, teaching, and many more.   more info >

ERIC database (Education Resources Information Center)
Database of education research.   more info >

Nonprofit research organization focusing on education.   more info >

A social policy research organization that works to improve the well-being of low-income people. Many reports are available on-line.   more info >

Economic Policy Institute
Focuses on the economic condition of low- and middle-income Americans and their families. Includes issue guides on the following topics: living wage, minimum wage, poverty and family budgets, retirement security, Social Security, unemployment insurance, and welfare.   more info >

Social Programs That Work
This site summarizes the findings from well-designed randomized controlled trials. It includes programs in the areas of early childhood, education, substance abuse and treatment, mental health, crime and violence prevention, employment and welfare, and more.   more info >

What Works Clearinghouse
A collection of easily accessible databases and reports that provide reviews and information about the effectiveness of replicable educational programs, practices, and policies.   more info >
Presents measures of child wellbeing and policy analysis for states, counties, large cities, and metropolitan areas.   more info >

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