Reports: Economic opportunity

The State of America's Children
Children's Defense Fund, December 2020, 80 pp.
A compilation of national and state-by-state data on poverty, health, child welfare, youth at risk, early childhood development, education, nutrition and housing. Report is compiled annually.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, August 2020
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

Profile of Older Americans
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging, April 2019, 20 pp.
National data profile of older adults, including living arrangements, racial and ethnic composition, geographic distribution, income, poverty, housing, employment, education, health and health care, disability, and caregiving. New reports are issued annually.   more info >

Data Snapshot: SNAP Declines Continue in 2016, but Not for Rural Places
Carsey Institute, November 2017, 1 pp.
This issue brief examines rates of SNAP receipt in 2016, paying particular attention to changes among urban and rural households at risk for food insecurity.   more info >

Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2017, 52 pp.
Presents the Race for Results Index, a collection of data presented by racial and ethnic groups and by state. Indicators address early childhood, academic achievement, teen parenting, higher education, and family characteristics.   more info >

America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, July 2017, 228 pp.
Reports data on a set of indicators of child well-being. Indicators included are in the categories of family and social environment, economic categories, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education, and health. This is an annual report.   more info >

Child Poverty in North Dakota
Kids Count North Dakota, June 2017, 2 pp.
Child poverty data by North Dakota county.   more info >

Levels and Trends in the Income Mobility of U.S. Families, 1977–2012
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, July 2016, 41 pp.
This paper examines patterns of income mobility of U.S. families with working-age heads and spouses between 1977 and 2012, using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) and a number of mobility concepts and measures.   more info >

Household Expenditures and Income
The Pew Charitable Trusts, March 2016, 20 pp.
This chartbook uses the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Consumer Expenditure Survey to explore household expenditures, examining changes in overall spending and across individual categories from 1996 to 2014. By examining household spending, it helps to shed light on family financial security over time, and especially in recent years.   more info >

Opportunity, Responsibility and Security: A Consensus Plan for Reducing Poverty and Restoring the American Dream
Brookings Institute, December 2015, 88 pp.
This report presents a consensus plan to reduce poverty and restore the American Dream despite political polarization. It begins with a review of basic facts about poverty, mobility, education, employment, and marriage in America today, includes chapters on how changes in family, work, and education have together forced more Americans into poverty, and concludes with a recommended path forward.   more info >

America's Young Adults: Special Issue, 2014
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, July 2014, 100 pp.
Detailed report that provides data on young adults, ages 18-24. Includes demographic characteristics, living situation, and overall well-being.   more info >

Disrupting Poverty: Coming Together to Build Financial Security for Individuals and Communities
FSG, March 2014, 29 pp.
Highlights lessons learned and best practices from projects that work to disrupt poverty by building financial security.   more info >

Less-Educated Workers' Unstable Employment: Can the Safety Net Help?
Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, March 2014, 6 pp.
A study of the interaction of the safety net with the increasing employment instability faced by low-wage workers.   more info >

Through a Different Lens: The War on Poverty and a New Vision for the Future
Family Independence Initiative, January 2014, 8 pp.
Describes a new approach to economic and social mobility.   more info >

Chart Book: The War on Poverty at 50
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, January 2014, 8 pp.
Charts progress on addressing poverty over the last 50 years, including among the elderly and children.   more info >

Where is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States
National Bureau of Economic Research, January 2014, 94 pp.
In-depth look at intergenerational mobility in the United States, including the relationship between parent and child income, geographic differences, and the factors correlated with upward mobility.   more info >

Mobility and the Metropolis
The Pew Charitable Trusts, December 2013, 23 pp.
This report shows that neighborhoods play an important role in determining a family's prospects of moving up the economic ladder.   more info >

Elderly Immigrants in the United States
Population Reference Bureau, October 2013, 9 pp.
Profile of immigrants who are older adults: demographic trends, economic circumstances, living arrangements, and health.   more info >

A New Majority Update: Low Income Students Now a Majority In the Nation's Public Schools
Southern Education Foundation, October 2013, 18 pp.
Provides data showing that a majority of students attending public schools come from low-income families and discusses implications of the findings.   more info >

APA Task Force on Childhood Poverty
Academic Pediatric Association, April 2013, 7 pp.
Outlines the Academic Pediatric Association's strategic agenda for addressing childhood poverty.   more info >

Less Than Equal: Racial Disparities in Wealth Accumulation
Urban Institute, April 2013, 6 pp.
Discusses the racial wealth gap and how it affects opportunity.   more info >

Over Sixteen Million Children in Poverty in 2011
The Carsey Institute, September 2012, 8 pp.
Child poverty data from the American Community Survey. Data are presented for the United States, regions, and states.   more info >

Healthy Kids and Strong Working Families: Improving Economic Security for North Dakota Families With Children
National Center for Children in Poverty, April 2011, 12 pp.
Looks at the basic costs associated with living and working in North Dakota and illustrates the role of work supports in helping low-income families make ends meet.   more info >

Immigrant Children: The Future of Children Spring 2011
The Brookings Institution and Princeton University, March 2011, 270 pp.
Includes a variety of articles that look at the well-being of immigrant children and what can be done to improve their educational attainment, health, social and cognitive development, and long-term prospects for economic mobility.   more info >

Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-being
U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration, March 2011, 97 pp.
This report provides a statistical picture of women in America in five critical areas: demographic and family changes, education, employment, health, and crime and violence.   more info >

Building Economic Security in America's Cities: Municipal Strategies for Asset Building and Financial Empowerment
Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED), January 2011, 96 pp.
Cities are increasingly offering strategies to help families save money, leverage those savings into assets and have access to fair credit according to this report, which highlights successful strategies to help families achieve self-sufficiency.   more info >

Big ideas: Game-changers for Children
First Focus, September 2010, 150 pp.
In an effort to generate new and innovative ideas to improve child well-being in the United States, First Focus called upon policy thinkers to provide game-changing proposals designed to advance federal children's policy.   more info >

Young Children of Immigrants: The Leading Edge of America's Future
The Urban Institute, August 2010, 14 pp.
Highlights information about children 0-8 growing up in immigrant families in the United States, including immigration trends, impact on schools, and parental and family characteristics.   more info >

A Modern Framework for Measuring Poverty and Basic Economic Security
Center for Economic and Policy Research, April 2010, 63 pp.
Presents a series of recommendations for improving the way poverty is measured while addressing why the current measure is insufficient and examining the Supplemental Income Poverty Measure as proposed by the Obama administration.   more info >

U.S. Economic and Social Trends Since 2000
Population Reference Bureau, February 2010, 20 pp.
Presents social and economic data from the American Community Survey.   more info >

North Dakota Economic Development Strategic Plan: 2010-2020
North Dakota Economic Development Foundation, February 2010, 20 pp.
This is a strategic plan aimed at increasing economic growth in North Dakota. It provides an overall economic assessment of the state and examines individual business sectors and industries.   more info >

Living Longer on Less: The New Economic (in)Security of Seniors
The Institute on Assets and Social Policy; Demos, December 2009, 28 pp.
This report examines the long-term economic security of seniors, depicts current trends and suggests policies promoting the enduring well-being of seniors. It uses the Senior Financial Stability Index (SFSI) to measure the long-term economic security of senior households throughout their retirement years.   more info >

Measure by Measure: The Current Poverty Measure v. the National Academy of Sciences Measures
CLASP, November 2009, 11 pp.
Compares the current federal poverty measure and the more recently-developed National Academy of Sciences measures. The report includes comparisons of the current poverty rate by state with the rates using the NAS measures.   more info >

Alternative Welfare-to-Work Strategies for the Hard-to-Employ: Testing Transitional Jobs and Pre-Employment Services in Philadelphia
MDRC, October 2009, 186 pp.
This report presents interim results from an evaluation of two different welfare-to-work strategies for hard-to-employ recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in Philadelphia. The study is part of a larger project testing innovative employment strategies for groups facing serious obstacles to finding and keeping a steady job.   more info >

A Woman's Nation Changes Everything
Center for American Progress, October 2009, 454 pp.
Discusses how a workforce comprised of half women changes many aspects of the nation.   more info >

Strengthening Community Colleges' Influence on Economic Mobility
Economic Mobility Project, October 2009, 43 pp.
This paper examines the role community colleges play in enhancing the upward mobility of their students. The study looks at the various pathways through which students can increase their earnings, including transferring to a four-year college and completing an associate degree or certificate in a range of high-return fields.   more info >

Increasing the Percentage of Children Living in Two-Parent Families
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 13 pp.
Strategies for increasing the percentage of children who live in two-parent families, an indicator of child well-being.   more info >

Reducing the Child Poverty Rate
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 16 pp.
This brief describes strategies to help lift families and children out of poverty and move toward greater economic security.   more info >

Neighborhoods and the Black-White Mobility Gap
Economic Mobility Project - The Pew Charitable Trusts, July 2009, 42 pp.
Explores the impact of neighborhood poverty rates on future earnings.The report examines whether neighborhood poverty in childhood impacts the ability of both black and white adults to move up or down the income ladder relative to their parents and provides an overview of the policy implications.   more info >

Turning Point: The Long Term Effects of Recession-Induced Child Poverty
First Focus, May 2009, 15 pp.
A study showing that children who fall into poverty during a recession will suffer in adulthood.   more info >

Staying Afloat in Tough Times: What States Are and Aren't Doing to Promote Family Economic Security
National Center for Children in Poverty, August 2008, 23 pp.
Examines state-level policies that help families both avoid and cope with economic hardship. The report highlights policies that benefit individual families and for which 50-state data sources are available. Three categories of policies are included: work attachment and advancement, income adequacy, and asset development and protection.   more info >

Enabling Families to Weather Emergencies and Develop: The Role of Assets
The Urban Institute, July 2008, 30 pp.
About four in five low-income families are "asset poor," lacking enough liquid savings to live for three months at the federal poverty level without earnings. This report examines a cluster of policies that would improve financial markets and savings opportunities for low-income families.   more info >

Commuting to Opportunity: The Working Poor and Commuting in the United States
Brookings Institute, Metropolitan Policy Program, February 2008, 20 pp.
This paper examines workers' commuting costs and travel modes, as well as the relationship between housing and commuting costs.  The analysis focuses on the working poor but draws on the experiences of all workers.   more info >

Mental Health, Work and Mental Health Service Use Among Low-Income Mothers
Urban Institute, August 2007, 38 pp.
Analyzes how mental health problems impede low-income mothers' ability to work and how health insurance improves access to mental health treatment.   more info >

Microenterprise Programs as Asset Builders
The Aspen Institute, June 2007, 4 pp.
Strategies being used by microenterprise development programs to help low-income families improve their financial footing, acquire assets and build wealth.   more info >

Economic Development and Smart Growth
International Economic Development Council, August 2006, 50 pp.
Eight case studies on the connections between smart growth development and jobs, wealth and quality of life in communities.   more info >

State Policy Options to Encourage Asset Development for Low-Income Families
NGA Center for Best Practices, February 2006, 17 pp.
Suggests a range of strategies for policymakers to help promote savings and increase income levels among low-income individuals and families.   more info >

Web sites

Prosperity Now Scorecard
Ranks the 50 states and the District of Columbia on performance measures in the areas of Financial Security, Business Development, Homeownership, Health Care and Education.   more info >

Jobs for the Future
Research on the educational and economic advancement of youth and adults.   more info >

A social policy research organization that works to improve the well-being of low-income people. Many reports are available on-line.   more info >

Economic Policy Institute
Focuses on the economic condition of low- and middle-income Americans and their families. Includes issue guides on the following topics: living wage, minimum wage, poverty and family budgets, retirement security, Social Security, unemployment insurance, and welfare.   more info >

Institute for Research on Poverty
Research on the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequality in the United States.   more info >

National Center for Children in Poverty
Research on preventing child poverty and improving the lives of low-income families. Includes poverty statistics and information on child care, welfare reform, and more.   more info >
Presents measures of child wellbeing and policy analysis for states, counties, large cities, and metropolitan areas.   more info >

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