Reports: Public safety

State of Black America
National Urban League, June 2022
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

Race and Wrongful Convictions in the United States
National Registry of Exonerations, March 2017, 37 pp.
African Americans are only 13% of the American population but make up a majority of innocent defendants wrongfully convicted of crimes and later exonerated. This racial disparity is evident in all major crime categories, but this report examines it in the context of the three types of crime that produce the largest numbers of exonerations: murder, sexual assault, and drug crimes.   more info >

Web sites

Burns Institute for Juvenile Justice Fairness & Equity
Presents data on disparities in the juvenile justice system. Data are available by state.   more info >

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North Dakota Compass

Center for Social Research
North Dakota State University

Compass created by:
Wilder Research

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