Reports: Employment

Youth Employment in North Dakota
Kids Count North Dakota, December 2022, 2 pp.
Data on youth employment by North Dakota county.   more info >

Profile of Older Americans
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging, November 2022, 20 pp.
National data profile of older adults, including living arrangements, racial and ethnic composition, geographic distribution, income, poverty, housing, employment, education, health and health care, disability, and caregiving. New reports are issued annually.   more info >

Review of Rural U.S. Economic and Health Care Trends
Center for Economic Analysis of Rural Health, September 2022, 24 pp.
A summary of research exploring the nexus of health care and local economic vibrancy in rural communities. Key issues include the personal and community impacts of reduced services, hospital closures, health care workforce shortages, Medicaid expansion, and the delivery and reimbursement of patient care through telehealth.   more info >

U.S. Child Poverty in 2021
First Focus, September 2022, 5 pp.
An examination of a historic decline in child poverty in 2021, due to significant but temporary investments made for children in the American Rescue Plan Act. Although such progress is unprecedented, the loss of improvements to the Child Tax Credit combined with high food costs and rising rents means that many families briefly lifted out of poverty will once again experience significant material hardship.   more info >

Kids Count Data Book: State Trends in Child Well-Being
Annie E. Casey Foundation, August 2022, 50 pp.
This annual report provides data on 10 indicators of child well-being, by state and for the U.S. States are ranked on each indicator and compared to previous years.   more info >

North Dakota Workforce Review
Labor Market Information Center, Job Service North Dakota, June 2022, 120 pp.
This report examines broad population trends, labor force statistics, occupational group changes, and industry changes for either 10-year or 20-year (or both) time periods. In addition to general measures of North Dakota's economy, this publication presents individual industry breakouts to examine figures for employment, wages, establishments, and demographic changes in slightly more detail. Similar information is presented in breakouts by region to provide a useful perspective of statewide trends and their roots in various parts of the state.   more info >

Social Security Quick Fact Sheets
AARP, June 2022, 2 pp.
National and individual state data on the number of residents receiving Social Security and its impacts on individuals and the economy.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, June 2022
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

The Economic, Educational, and Health-Related Costs of Being a Woman
Center for American Progress, March 2022, 5 pp.
Discusses how from the gender wage gap to gender-based pricing, the cost of being a woman in America is integrated into economic, health, and education systems and requires a multi-pronged policy approach to address   more info >

Understanding Coping Strategies of Mothers with Low Income
Urban Institute, January 2022, 75 pp.
An exploratory study of the strategies that mothers with young children and few economic resources use to meet their caregiving and related needs. The report also examines the role of community-based organizations in supporting mothers and families and improving outcomes for children.   more info >

Untapped Potential: Economic Impact of Childcare Breakdowns on U.S. States
Center for Education and Workforce, November 2021, 44 pp.
Examines the impact of childcare challenges on the state economies of Alaska, Arkansas, Arizona, Missouri, and Texas. The studies reveal that addressing childcare breakdowns would unlock significant economic potential for states, employers, and working parents.   more info >

The Connection Between Unpredictable Work Schedules and Meeting Basic Household Needs
Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, November 2021, 6 pp.
Examines how the lack of a stable and predictable work schedule can lead to income volatility and contribute to a host of other challenges for low-income individuals and households.   more info >

Stark Inequality: Financial Asset Inequality Undermines Retirement Security
National Institute on Retirement Security, August 2021, 23 pp.
This report finds that economic inequality continues to grow, with financial assets significantly higher for white households than Black or Hispanic households, and with wealth further concentrated among white households in the top 25 percent of net worth.   more info >

Developing Two-Generation Approaches in Communities
Annie E. Casey Foundationm Urban Institute, July 2021, 79 pp.
An evaluation of the Family-Centered Community Change initiative, designed to integrate two-generation strategies into existing place-based community initiatives. The effort, which ran from 2012 to 2019, focused on supporting local partners in three neighborhoods with low economic resources: Buffalo, New York; Columbus, Ohio; and San Antonio, Texas and found that these sites benefited from participating in the program.   more info >

The Path to Rural Resilience in America
Economic Policy Institute, September 2020, 35 pp.
This report examines changing economic and environmental trends in rural communities, and suggests policy actions to further economic growth and create high-quality, sustainable jobs.   more info >

The Inequities of Job Loss and Recovery Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic
Carsey Institute, August 2020, 1 pp.
A look at the demographic and economic characteristics of job loss and recovery over the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic, noting that Black and Latino workers in particular experienced exceptionally high levels of unemployment and slow rates of job recovery during this period.   more info >

Can Subsidized Employment Programs Help Disadvantaged Job Seekers?
MDRC, February 2020, 79 pp.
Past research has found mixed results regarding subsidized employment initiatives designed to improve participants’ longer-term employment prospects. This report summarizes findings from long-term studies of 13 subsidized employment programs and discusses the implications for practitioners, policymakers, and researchers.   more info >

The Aging of the Manufacturing Workforce
The Manufacturing Institute, July 2019, 29 pp.
Examines best practices that have enabled manufacturing firms to successfully navigate the aging of the manufacturing industry, including ways to support older workers and recruit and retain younger workers.   more info >

Lessons for Employer-School Partnerships to Provide Meaningful Youth Employment Opportunities
Child Trends, June 2019, 6 pp.
Examines an initiative to promote career- and college-readiness among high school students and improve student outcomes. This brief focuses on lessons learned in providing students with real work experiences and exploring the role that employer partners play in implementation.   more info >

State of the Heartland: Factbook 2018
Brookings Institute, November 2018, 110 pp.
This report benchmarks the performance of the 19-state American “Heartland” on 26 socioeconomic measures and is intended to help Heartland leaders and citizens better comprehend the region’s current trajectory at a time of rapid economic and social change.   more info >

Work, Skills, Community: Restoring Opportunity for the Middle Class
Brookings Institute, Opportunity American, November 2018, 136 pp.
Looks at the challenges facing working-class communities and provides bipartisan policy proposals designed to create jobs, train and retrain workers and revitalize blue-collar communities.   more info >

A tale of two retirements: Working longer is exacerbating income inequality among older Americans
Urban Institute, November 2018, 70 pp.
Examines how delaying retirement is deepening income inequality for older adults by leaving those with health problems behind.   more info >

Full-Time Employment Not Always a Ticket to Health Insurance
Carsey Institute, March 2018, 6 pp.
Employment does not necessarily lead to health coverage for lower-income workers in the same way it typically does for higher income workers. This brief documents differences in health insurance coverage by workers’ income, and explores who is eligible for an employer-based plan, who enrolls in those plans, and the reasons why workers choose not to enroll.   more info >

Credit Scores Perpetuate Racial Disparities, Even in America’s Most Prosperous Cities
Urban Institute, November 2017, 2 pp.
Credit score data reveal how racial disparities persist in cities across the economic spectrum and contribute to wealth inequality.   more info >

Framework for Creating a Smart Growth Economic Development Strategy A Tool for Small Cities and Towns
United States Environmental Protection Agency, August 2016, 38 pp.
A step-by-step guide to building a place-based economic development strategy which is based on building upon existing assets, taking incremental actions to strengthen communities, and building long-term value to attract a range of investments.   more info >

Barriers and Bias: The Status of Women in Leadership
American Association of University Women, March 2016
This report examines the causes of women’s underrepresentation in leadership roles in business, politics, and education and suggests things that can be done to close the gap.   more info >

What Comes First, People or Jobs: Evidence and Lessons for Indiana
Center for Business and Economic Research, Ball State University, January 2016, 7 pp.
This study examines population and employment growth in Indiana’s 92 counties in the decades of the 1970s and the 2000s to determine whether job attraction or people attraction is a larger factor in county population growth.   more info >

America's Young Adults: Special Issue, 2014
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, July 2014, 100 pp.
Detailed report that provides data on young adults, ages 18-24. Includes demographic characteristics, living situation, and overall well-being.   more info >

Building Assets Through Microenterprise
The Aspen Institute, January 2014, 12 pp.
Strategies being used by microenterprise development programs to help low-income families improve their financial footing, acquire assets and build wealth.   more info >

Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-being
U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration, March 2011, 97 pp.
This report provides a statistical picture of women in America in five critical areas: demographic and family changes, education, employment, health, and crime and violence.   more info >

Web sites

Promising Occupations Achievable for Low-Income Families Through Short-Term Education or Training
This report identifies promising occupations that are achievable for low-income workers after a relatively short-term investment in education or training. It is part of a project on family self-sufficiency and stability research. For each state, a table highlights promising occupations, listed from highest to lowest number of projected annual jobs.   more info >

Economic Policy Institute
Focuses on the economic condition of low- and middle-income Americans and their families. Includes issue guides on the following topics: living wage, minimum wage, poverty and family budgets, retirement security, Social Security, unemployment insurance, and welfare.   more info >

Institute for Research on Poverty
Research on the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequality in the United States.   more info >

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North Dakota Compass

Center for Social Research
North Dakota State University

Compass created by:
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